100 Seeds Aloe Vera Garden Rare Herbs Flowers Plants
Herbaceous perennial plant aloe (Aloe) is a member of the Lily family, this genus includes about 260 species. The plant is native to Africa, or rather, from its most arid regions. The fact is that aloe is highly resistant to drought.
Aloe leaf plates, which are part of the rosette, grow from the root, most often they are fleshy. There are species that have thorns on their foliage, and there are some that do not. In some species, a waxy coating is present on the surface of the foliage. During flowering, the bush is decorated with flowers of red, yellow or orange color. The shape of the inflorescence, depending on the species, can be racemose or paniculate, most often the flowers are bell-shaped or tubular.
Some species have healing properties, so they are used in alternative medicine. Aloe juice helps to cure ulcers and burns faster. It is also used for the manufacture of masks, because it has a regenerating and rejuvenating property. Foliage is used to produce a substance that has a laxative effect. In culture, not only many types of aloe are grown, but also varieties.
Flowering. Aloe is grown as an ornamental deciduous and medicinal plant.
Illumination. Needs more bright sunlight. Sometimes in winter, it is recommended to highlight the bush.
Temperature mode. During the spring and summer period, the flower grows well at normal room temperature. In winter, the room should be no warmer than 14 degrees.
Watering. During the growing season, the substrate in the pot is moistened immediately after drying its top layer. In the winter months, watering is carried out less often, or rather, two days after the surface of the soil mixture dries out. During watering, make sure that the liquid does not get inside the leaf socket.
Humidity of the air. Aloe normally grows at the humidity characteristic of residential premises.
Fertilizer. Fertilizing is carried out from the second half of spring to the first autumn weeks 1 time in 4 weeks, for this purpose mineral fertilizers are used.
Period of rest. It starts in the second half, and ends in the middle of spring.
Transfer. Bushes are transplanted at the beginning of the growing season, young bushes are subjected to this procedure 1 time in a couple of years, and more adults ― 1 time in 4 years.
Soil mixture. Leaf and turf soil, and sand (1:2:1).
Reproduction. Basal shoots and seed method.
Harmful insects. Aphids, scale insects, mealybugs and spider mites.
Diseases. The plant can only get sick if it is not properly cared for. Most often it suffers from rot, which appears from excessive watering.
Properties. Some types of aloe have healing properties. They have anti-inflammatory, immunostimulating, wound healing, antibacterial, regenerating and other properties.
Aloe is a light-loving plant, so it is best to grow it at home on the south window, while it is not afraid of direct rays of the sun. A bush that has been standing in the shade for a long time is gradually accustomed to the bright rays of the sun. In winter, the bush sometimes needs additional lighting, for this you can use daylight lamps.
In the summer, aloe develops and grows within normal limits at normal room temperature. In the warm season, it can be moved to fresh air, while choosing a place for it that is protected from precipitation. If in the summer you do not transfer the plant to the street, then it is recommended to systematically ventilate the room in which it is located. In winter, aloe has a period of rest, in this regard, it is recommended to move it to a cool place (no warmer than 14 degrees). If the room is warmer, then the bush can begin to actively stretch, since in winter the sun can not give it the necessary amount of light.
During the growing season, watering aloe is carried out immediately after the surface of the soil mixture in the pot dries. In winter, watering should be more rare, but you can not allow the earthen lump to dry out. When moistening the substrate, make sure that the liquid does not get inside the leaf socket, because this can lead to rotting of the trunk, and this in turn can destroy the bush.
Such a flower normally grows and develops at any humidity.
In order for aloe to bloom, it needs a period of rest, which is possible only with a long day of light and coolness. To provide the plant with such conditions when growing in an apartment is quite difficult, in this regard, its flowering can be seen extremely rarely.
Top dressing is carried out from the second half of spring to the beginning of autumn with a frequency of 1 time in 4 weeks. When the bush is at rest, it is not necessary to add fertilizers to the soil mixture.
Suitable for growing aloe, the substrate should consist of sod and deciduous soil, as well as sand (2:1:1). In order for the soil mixture to be more loose, it is mixed with a small amount of charcoal and small pieces of brick. Transplanting is carried out only if necessary, as a rule, young bushes are subjected to this procedure 1 time in a couple of years, and more adults ― 1 time in 4 years.
Aloe can be grown from seed quite easily. To begin with, a good drainage layer is made at the bottom of the container, then it is filled with a sand mixture and seeds are sown. Sowing is carried out in the last winter or first spring weeks. Crops are provided with regular watering and ventilation. Protect them from direct sunlight, while the air temperature should be about 20 degrees. Picking the seedlings that have appeared in individual containers is carried out when they are 30 days old. When 3 months have passed after the transplant, the plants will need to dive again into larger containers, after which they are provided with the same care as adult bushes.